Sanctions on $50 billion worth of imports reignites fears of global trade war
Trump on Thursday directed the US trade representative to level tariffs on about $50 billion worth of Chinese imports following a seven-month investigation into the intellectual property theft, which has been a longstanding point of contention in US-China trade relations. In addition to the tariffs, the US also plans to impose new investment restrictions, take action against China at the World Trade Organization and the Treasury Department also will propose additional measures.Trump signaled the tariffs would affect "about $60 billion" of Chinese imports, but administration officials said the figure would be closer to $50 billion."We have a tremendous intellectual property theft problem," Trump said. "It's going to make us a much stronger, much richer nation."The move, which comes on the heels of the administration's steel and aluminum tariffs that also took aim at China, is heightening concerns of a global trade war that could destabilize the global economy — fears the Trump administration has repeatedly brushed off.China announced its own tariffs Friday on $3 billion worth of US imports, which Beijing said was in response to the steel and aluminum tariffs announced earlier this month. China's embassy in Washington indicated the country was up for a fight in a statement late Thursday, which said "China's not afraid of and will not recoil from a trade war."
'First of many'
Trump on Thursday signed a memorandum announcing the trade actions, invoking Section 301 of the 1974 Trade Act, which formed the basis for the administration's investigation.Before signing the measure, Trump lamented the US' multi-hundred billion dollar trade deficit with China and said the action would be "the first of many."
Trump's tariffs in March
- 1 March 2018
President Donald Trump announces plans to impose tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum.
United States allies, including the EU and Canada, vow to retaliate.
- 2 March 2018
Germany, Australia, South Korea and the UK express concern over the tariffs, while China urges the United States "to abide by the multilateral trade rules."
The EU pledges to strike back with tariffs on US-made bourbon, motorcycles and jeans.
- 3 March 2018
President Trump responds to the EU by threatening to further tax European car imports.
- 8 March 2018
The United States exempts Canada and Mexico from steel and aluminum tariffs.
- 16 March 2018
The European Union publishes a long list of hundreds of American products — including cigarettes, ovens, sailboats and lipstick — it could target if Trump moves forward with tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum.
- 22 March 2018
The United States orders new tariffs on about $50 billion of Chinese goods and says it will take action against China at the World Trade Organization.
President Trump grants exemptions on steel and aluminum tariffs to the EU, South Korea, Australia, Brazil and Argentina.
- 23 March 2018
China outlines plans to hit back with tariffs on more than 120 US goods, including pork and steel pipes.
China says it will challenge the United States for "ignoring the rules of the WTO."
Source: CNN reporting
Trump prefaced his trade action by insisting he views China as a "friend" and said he has "tremendous respect" for Chinese President Xi Jinping, as he flicked to China's support in pressuring North Korea to denuclearize."They are helping us a lot in North Korea," Trump said. "But we have a trade deficit … there are many different ways of looking at it, but no matter which way you look at it, it is the largest trade deficit of any country in the history of the world."Trump said the US would continue to engage diplomatically with China to reduce the trade imbalance, even as he signed an action that is likely to exacerbate tensions between the two countries.Robert Lighthizer, the US trade representative, said the tariffs would focus on theft of US technologies and said Trump "concluded that we should put in place tariffs on appropriate products" following the investigation."This is an extremely important action. Very significant and very important for the future of the country, really across industries," Lighthizer said.The investigation concluded that China has stolen or coerced US companies into turning over their intellectual property through a series of state-run structural maneuvers, including its requirement that foreign companies partner with Chinese companies to access the Chinese market, said Everett Eissenstat, the deputy director of the National Economic Council for international economic affairs.The investigation also assessed that China has stolen US intellectual property by hacking US computer networks, though senior administration officials said Thursday's tariffs would not account for the value of that intellectual property theft, which they estimated to be in the hundreds of billions of dollars.The incoming tariffs are the most significant to date from a President who campaigned on a promise to correct the US' global trade imbalance, particularly with China, and to revitalize US manufacturing. The move is just the latest sign that Trump is intent on putting his protectionist rhetoric into action despite concerns from economists and financial analysts, including within his own administration."It's probably one of the reasons I was elected. Probably the main reason," Trump said Thursday.Beyond the threat of a far-reaching trade war, economists have warned US consumers are likely to bear the cost of the tariffs and worries about Chinese retaliation are mounting. A senior administration official said the administration believed the tariffs would result in only "minimal effects" on US consumers."In terms of the broader calculus of the harm that is done by what is the theft … of intellectual property is almost incalculable," the official said.
China's Commerce Ministry on Friday urged the US to avoid placing bilateral trade ties in danger but said it was not afraid of a trade war. "We are confident in our capability to face up to any challenge. We urge the US to cease and desist," the ministry said. The ministry also announced it planned to impose tariffs on $3 billion worth of US imports, including pork and steel pipes, although these relatively small measures were a response to separate US tariffs on steel and aluminum products announced earlier this month. Ahead of Trump's announcement, China's Premier Li Keqiang had warned: "A trade war does no good to anyone. There is no winner."The Trump administration, though, has said it is simply taking long-overdue action following years of unfair Chinese trading practices that they argue previous administrations have insufficiently countered.Peter Navarro, Trump's hawkish top trade adviser, said the administration had decided on the tariffs in lockstep and said the US opted to take tariff actions after dialogues with China over the last 15 years have failed to produce significant changes in Chinese behavior."Administrations before us and this administration has tried very, very hard to work with the Chinese," Navarro said. "Talk is not cheap. It has been very expensive to the American people."The tariffs will not take immediate effect. Instead, the US trade representative will publish a list of targeted goods within 15 days and will then allow for a 30-day public comment period.Pressed about the impact on US consumers, a senior administration official said the administration believed the tariffs would result in only "minimal effects" on US consumers."In terms of the broader calculus of the harm that is done by what is the theft … of intellectual property is almost incalculable," the official said.It was not immediately clear what percentage tariff the US would assess on the affected Chinese imports.Navarro said the US was "simply strategically defending itself against this particular form of economic aggression" and said the tariffs were neatly tailored to "correspond to the harm" Chinese actions with regard to intellectual property have done to the US.